Many Sinclairs in the United States descend from John Sinkler of Exeter, New Hampshire. Sinkler, perhaps the first Sinclair in the New World, arrived on the shores of America in 1651 as an indentured servant. Sinkler, who was John Sinclair in his homeland of Caithness, Scotland, was captured during the Battle of Worcester in a struggle between the Scottish army of King Charles II (pictured below) and the forces of Oliver Cromwell.

    These were turbulent times across Europe, with the Religious Reformation in full foment. Monarchical relations between England and Scotland - always troublesome - were seething. On New Year's Day, 1651, King Charles II - the "Merry Monarch" - was sworn in by the Scottish Parliament as King of England after the execution of his father, King Charles I, by the Parliamentary forces of Cromwell. Charles II knew that his coronation would raise the ire of Cromwell, who refused to recognize Charles' claim to the throne. Immediately upon taking the throne Charles conscripted all able bodied men of Scotland to serve him in defense of his claim to the monarchy against the greater forces of Cromwell.

    Cromwell, who had led his Parliamentary army against the Royalist forces of King Charles I in an effort to solidify his own hold on power, recognized the need to quell the rebellious Scottish Parliament's recognition of Charles II's monarchy. In July of 1651, Cromwell crossed the border to Scotland with 16,000 troops as a fleet of English war vessels sailed up the east coast. Cromwell's forces overwhelmed Charles' army at the Battle of Dunbar. The Scottish survivors of the battle were banished to Ulster and the Americas as indentured labor.

    Charles regrouped his armies and made a futile effort to regain power by making an incursion to England. His army suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Worcester on September 3, 1651, and Highlanders supporting the Royalist cause of Charles (most against their will) fell in great numbers. Their homelands were forfeited to Cromwell's supporters. John Sinclair was among the Highlanders who survived the Battle of Worcester, but was banished - along with his good friend John Bean - to the New World as an indentured servant. Charles was exiled to France and Cromwell was appointed "Lord Protector" of Scotland.

    For more detailed history about this turbulent period of Scottish-English relations, see L. Anthony Curto's excellent article The Approaching Storm: An Overview of Scottish Presbyterian History.

    Upon arrival in the New World, Sinkler worked off his indenture in the northeast as lumberjack and then settled in Exeter, NH, around 1658, where he became a landowner and one of the early inhabitants of this historic New England town. Founded in 1638, Exeter was unusual among the first New Hampshire towns in that it was established because of religious rather than commercial motivations. The town’s founder, John Wheelwright, was an exile from Puritan Massachusetts. He was tried and convicted of sedition in 1637 after he and his sister-in-law, Anne Hutchinson, attracted widespread attention in Boston through sermons opposing religious and political positions held by John Winthrop and the Massachusetts church hierarchy. For more on its history there is a brief, but excellent, history of Exeter by James Garrin, Architectural Historian for the State of New Hampshire.which may be of interest.

     The following genealogical and historical information about John Sinkler was provided by Larry Sinclair, a descendant of John Sinkler. The source of this information is unknown. If you know the source of this material, I would appreciate a note to sinclair@kingcrest.com so that I may obtain copyright information and permission in the event that its author wishes to assert copyright to this material.


(20001) JOHN SINKLER, SR was born in 1612 or 1613 in Scotland. In 1651, 272 prisoners were taken at the Battle of Worcester (England) and shipped to Boston in the ship "Sarah and John". The area of the Battle of Worcester can be seen on Routes A443 and A451 in Worcester, England. Oliver Cromwell, a member of the House of Commons in England, became the commander of the English forces. This was at the time of the religious Reformation period. Unrest was rampant. Cromwell attacked the Scottish army at Dunbar and captured Edinburgh. A year later, another Scottish army was formed, but Cromwell overtook them at the Battle of Worcester. Many Scotsmen were brutally slain, while others were taken prisoner.
Who Was John Sinkler?
    For an intriguing commentary on the genealogical research which leads many to believe that John Sinkler was captured in the Battle of Worcester, see Rand Greubel's essay "Who Was John Sinkler?"
   Rand's work tries to piece together the diverse genealogical sources which lead us to this conclusion.

    John was in a Scottish army at this Battle. He was accompanied by his friend John Bean, whose documentation for the next decade is traceable. Bean's records make it possible for us to assume the probable footsteps of John Sinclair. After being taken prisoner, they were placed as indentures upon the sailing ship "John and Sara". When they arrived in Boston, they had to work off their indenture for several years as lumberjacks. Then they settled in Exeter, New Hampshire where he became a freeman and an active citizen of the community. Seven of the 272 were indentured to Nicholas Lissen, owner of saw mills on the Exeter and Oyster Rivers. The men had to serve a 6 or 8 year apprenticeship but it is certain none served more than three years. The seven indentured who became life long friends (and related through marriages) were John Bean Sr., Alexander Gordon (see material regarding the TOWN CEMETERY on Perkins Hill), John Barber, John Sinkler, John Hudson, John Thompson, and Walter Jackson. John Sinkler appeared in Exeter as early as 1658, for on January 6, 1659, he purchased ten acres of land, and is mentioned in the deed of Exeter. The deed is found in the Old Norfolk County Records, at Salem, MA and states:


    "Know all men by these presents I John Warrin of Exeter have bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain and sell onto John Sinkler of the same town for the consideration of eight pound, ten acres of land, part of the ten acres in two plowed lands lying next to Thomas Biggs his house the remainder of the ten acres to lie at the end of the said plowed land as also one commonage belonging to a house lot the said premises. I the said John Warrin do promise to make good the said John Sinkler against all invaders and intruders for the confirmation hereof I have put my hand and seal this 6th day of January 1659.

    JN WARRIN IW his mark with a seal to it John Warrin owned this writing to be his act and deed before the court held at Hampton the 9th: 8th month 1661.

    Entered Record in the 23rd; 8th month, 1661"

    On October 10, 1664, the town of Exeter, at a public meeting, granted him 15 acres "lying in old Salisbury way beyond James Walls land." On the 27th of April, 1667, he and his wife Mary gave the following deed of real estate:

    "John Sinkler, and his wife Mary, Exeter, in the river of Pascataway, deed to the two lots Sam: ffoulshamand Sam: Levett*.

The marke of John Sinkler
The marke of Mary Sinkler
April 27, 1667 Norfolk Co. Deeds
Ralfe Hall Vol.2 73,120
Edw. Smith wit.
Acknowledged Oct 8, 1667
Entered 24th 8th mo; 1667"

    Even in the new settlement the subject John did not escape the common trials of humanity. Emigrants from other lands brought their selfish desires with them. All were not good neighbors which John found to his sorrow. As there was trouble about boundaries, two of his neighbors agreed to the following:


    "Know all men by these presents that Leiftenant Hall and John Warrin have agreed that the line that is between Leiftenant Hall and John Sincler which land John Warrin sold to John Sincler, is and shall run from a tree that is fallen a little way of John Sinclers fence, showed this day to Mr. Dudley, John Clerke and William More, and so to run on a strait line to a white oak marked, and so to the extent of the bounds, between Leiftenant Hall and John Sinclar, the white oak that is marked is known to John Clerke. To this agreement we have hereunto set our hands this 11th of February 1672.

witness
RALPH HALL
John Gilman
John Warrens mark
Humfry Wilson IW "

    This did not settle the difficulty, for he had recourse to the law for the redress of his grievances, and the case was still in court on October 8, 1672 according to Norfolk County Court Records:

    "John Sinkler p11, vs. Ralfe Hall, Exter, in an action of trespass for pulling up of his fence and molesting him in his planting last spring and for claiming of his land and endeavoring to alter the title thereof which land lieth near John Sinkler's house in the town of Exeter, to his great damage. Oct. 8, 1672."


    How the suit terminated has not been ascertained. The following is found on June 8, 1682:


    "It is ordered and enacted by the Selectmen of Exeter that Leiftenant Hall and Kingsley Hall have granted them the liberty to erect a gate or a pair of bars anywhere between John Sinclers and Robert Rowells, upon condition that the gate or bars be made wide enough that a cart and team to pass currontly, and make a stile for foot men cross the highway.

EDWARD GILMAN
JONATHAN THING
MOSES LEVIT
Dated June 8, 1682
Townsmen"


    Like all good citizens, he was interested in the welfare, the success, safety and prosperity of the institutions of government under which he lived and which afforded protection as well to all. So, on November 30, 1677, "John Sinkler took oath of allegiance to his Majestie and fidelity to his country." Land was abundant and easily obtained as grants from the Commons belonging to the town. The first residents of Exeter frequently made application for this, and these grants were frequently voted to them by the freeholders in town meeting assembled. On April 6, 1678, John's name appears among the list of applicants.

    He was a sturdy man, with frugality, pluck, and persistence. He strove to add to his worldly possessions. He purchased December 6, 1678, twenty acres of upland in Exeter of David and Elizabeth Robinson. They agreed that "said John Sinckler shall have the liberty of free ingress, egress, and regress to twenty acres of land through any part of said Robinson's vacant land." On January 23, 1680 Exeter granted him twenty acres. The pioneer was prosperous. His acreage was enlarged from year to year; his resources multiplied. But he owed duties to the state and town, whose laws like a protecting canopy were over him. These duties he did not and could not evade and was obliged to contribute of his substance for the support of the government. The following is:


    "A Province Rate continued by the Honorable the Governor and Council according to the Powers given them by His Majesty's Royal Commission bearing date the 9th day of May 1682 in the 34th Year of His Majesty's Reign for the Town of Exeter

John Sinclere Lo.19s.4d.

    Province rate made in Exeter 13th day of April 1682 to be paid in boards at: 30s:p.m. and white oke pp staves at, 3sl p thousand wheat at 5s a bushel pease at ys millet at 3s, 6d a bushel Indian corn at 3s a bushel."


    The political affairs did not run smoothly at that period. The separation of New Hampshire from Massachusetts and its erection into a separate province, when its government went into operation January 1680, was due mainly to the solicitation, and was largely for the benefit of Robert Mason, the heir of John Mason, the patentee of New Hampshire, who claimed New Hampshire soil was his inherited property. Accordingly, at the request of Robert Mason, Edward Cranfield, a stranger to the inhabitants, and a despotic, arbitrary man, was appointed governor and his administration commenced in October, 1683. His acts were oppressive and he was held in utter detestation by the people. A small rebellion broke forth in Exeter. Some of the participants were tried for treason, but were afterward pardoned by the King. Public feeling ran high at this period, and a strong petition was gotten up against him which was signed by John. His name appears on a petition February 20, 1689-90 to the government. The petitioners prayed for protection against the common enemy (the Indians) and that the military officers of the trained soldiers should be chosen by the soldiers of the respective towns. A facsimile is given of the signature to this petition, although there is doubt of it being a genuine autograph.

    It is not likely that John held any public office, as the records make no such disclosure. The knowledge of John's traits have passed. However, that he took an interest in municipal and state affairs is plainly evident. That he was not untrue to his sturdy blood which flowed in his veins, and to the love of liberty which he had inherited from a brave ancestry is evidenced by his signing the vigorous protest against the tyrannical acts of Governor Cranfield. That he was frugal, industrious, and energetic, is shown by his successful accumulation of this world's goods. His abode was on Wheelwright's Creek, a small creek in the eastern part of Exeter, upon which many of the early residents lived. Its head is above the water works. The overflow of the reservoir flows into it, then into the Squamscott River, and to the Atlantic. Many circumstances, traditions, and suppositions point strongly that he was the son of Henry though there is no certainty of record. General Arthur St. Clair's and James St. Clair's pedigrees pointed to the lineage in 1816. Morrison asserts that John voluntarily left Scotland because he was not satisfied being a wadsetter (as he was not the first born), quit Lybster Reay, married Mary in Edinburgh, and came to America. As this is a psychological assumption, the indenturement of John in 1651 seems more likely and more documented.

    John Sinkler on January 7, 1699-1700 "being sick of body but of sound and perfect mind and memory" made his last will and testament. It was admitted to the Probate Court September 14, 1700 showing that he died sometime in 1700. He was probably buried with many others of the earliest settlers in the earliest cemetery on the "north western slope of meeting house hill," in Exeter, near the site of the first meeting-house. There are no memorial stones to mark their resting places.


Will of JOHN SINKLER, SENR.

Province of New Hampshire

In the name of God, Amen I John Sinckler of Exeter being sick of body but of sound and perfect mind and memory praise be therefore given to Almighty God, do make and ordain this my present last will and testament, in manner and form following,(that is to say) first and principally I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, hoping through the merits death and Passion of my Savior Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and to inherit everlasting life and my body I commit to the Earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executor hereinafter named, and as touching the disposing of all such temporal Estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow upon me I give despose thereof as follows.

First I will that my debts funeral charges shall be paid out and discharged and all my contract with my wife before marriage, be performed by my Executors.

I give unto my son James Sinkler (ten pound in merchantable pay to be paid within one year after my death and the feather Bed and twenty acres of Land which I bought of David Robeson.

I give unto my daughter Mary Wheeler two pounds in merchantable pay to be paid within two years after my death.

I give unto my daughter Maria Bedell five pounds in merchantable pay to be paid within two years after my death.

I give unto my two grandsons John Jones and Benjamin Jones (sons of Sarah) two pounds in merchantable pay when they come to the age of twenty-one years.

I give unto my well beloved wife Deborah Sinckler the one third of all my lands and orchards within fence during her life and the new room during her widowhood and no longer, and all the rest and residue of my personal Estate goods and chattels whatsoever,

I do give and bequeath unto my loving son John Sinckler who I, do make full and sole Executor of this my last will and testament and I hereby revoke disannul and make void all former Wills and Testaments by me heretofore made (except the contract made with my wife before marriage).

In Witness Whereof I the said John Sinckler to this my last will and testament have hereunto set my hand and seal the twenty seventh day of January in the year of our Lord 1699-100.

the mark of John Sinckler Seanr.

Kinsley Hall

Henry Wadleigh witness

14th September 1700

Kinsley Hall and Henry Wadleigh this Day personally appeared before me and made oath that they saw John Sinkler within named Sign Seal Deliver publish or Declare the within written will: and that he was of Sound perfect Mind and Memory at the Executing of the same and that it is the Last Will and Testament of the said John Sinkler to the best of our knowledge.

(20002) MARY SINKLER was living on April 27, 1667 and her death did not probably occur for many years afterward.

(20003) DEBORAH SINKLER was a good business manager, as she made a business contract with John before their marriage. (his second wife) She was a Christian and a member of the church in Hampton, New Hampshire. after the withdrawal of Rev. Wheelwright and his followers to Wells, Maine about 1642, and the assumption of jurisdiction over New Hampshire by Massachusetts, there was no church organized in Exeter for several years, and for six years they were without preaching. Though regular services were held after 1650, many of the residents connected themselves with the church in Hampton and other towns which may explain the fact of Deborah's membership there. On September 11, 1698 upon the formation of the First Congregational Church, 13 persons were "dismissed" in order to their being incorporated into a church state in Exeter. Among them was Deborah. She was living January 7, 1699-1700 and the time of her death is not known.

(20004) JAMES SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire July 27, 1660. He lived near Wheelwright's Creek and was a husbandman. With the interests of his native town he was closely identified and was a loyal citizen of the state. At the early age of 16 years he rendered military service in King Philip's War in Captain John Holbrook's Company. He took the oath of allegiance to the state November 30, 1677. On April 13, 1682 his province rate in Exeter was 1s 6d. He signed a paper protesting against the despotic Governor Cranfield and signed a petition for protection on February 20, 1689-90 like his brother and father.

    This is the facsimile of his autograph as it appears upon the petition (Mass Archives, Vol 35, p.228). James was Constable of Exeter in 1694 and 1697 and was juryman at the Superior Court in Portsmouth, New Hampshire August 10, 1703. He was Selectman in Exeter in 1695, 1700, 1706, and 1721.

    He was a soldier and his account of allowance for personal services at Newbury Blockhouses in 1704 was L2 18s 6d. From 1702 to April 11, 1713 "Queen Anne's War kept New England in a continual ferment, and the New Hampshire colony was in constant unrest and fear, and suffered severely. The French and Indians pillaged, destroyed the crops, committed many dwellings to flame, massacred the inhabitants or took them captive. Exeter had been marked for destruction. Only the accidental discovery of the Indians as they lay in ambush prevented a general destruction of life and property. Yet, in spite of the town's ceaseless vigilance, between 30 and 40 of its citizens were slain. Scouting parties continually scoured the thick forests and open country.

    For 30 years, or since his childhood, James had seen military service, had experience and was promoted to sergeant as in 1710, in one of the scouting parties was Sergeant Sinkler, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Walton and was billeted by Samuel Penhallow, commissioner.

    James was again a juryman August 12, 1712, and on the grand jury February 9, 1719-20. He was one of the 215 proprietors of Gilmanton, New Hampshire May 20, 1727. As a rule life flowed along prosperously with him. He mingled freely in the affairs of the community and town. The companion of his life, who shared him its sorrows, its defeats, and its triumphs, and who by her presence had made joyous "his ain fireside", was Mary, daughter of Richard and Prudence (Waldron) Scammon. She was born May 31, 1673 and was the youngest child of her parents. From her parents she received all the "salt medde" between Quoboag road and Moore's creek. On July 23, 1731 when he was 4 days lacking of being 71 years old, in the pathetic language of his will, "being in pain and weak of body but of perfect mind and memory"- he made his will. This was admitted to Probate Court February 15, 1732-3 showing that he died before that date.


WILL OF JAMES SINKLER

In the name of God amen, the twenty third day of July in the year of our Lord God one thousand seven hundred and thirty one. I James Sinkler of Exeter in the province of New Hampshire in New England, Husbandman, being in pain and weak of body, but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given to God therefore calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament that is to say-principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hand of God that gave it and for my body to the earth to be buried in a Christian like and decent manner at the discretion of my executor nothing doubting but at the general Reserection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God and as touching such worldly estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life I give devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form-

Imprimus I give and bequeath unto Mary my dearly beloved wife the use and improvement of one half or end of my now dwelling house and all the movables in the house excepting what is hereafter disposed of for and during the term of her natural life provided she remains a widow and my wife to have the third part of my estate as the law directs and my will is that at the decease of my wife the movables she had to be divided between my four daughters in equal proportion.

Item I give and bequeath to my son John Sinkler five pounds to be paid out of my estate by my Executor hereafter named.

Item I give to my son Joseph ) forty acres of land out of my part or proportion of the Town Common in Exeter also do I give to my son Joseph the full of my right to any land allowed to me by the Province of Massachusetts for my services in the Narragansett War.

Item I give to my son Samuel fifty acres of land that is to say my right to a grant of fifty acres of land granted by the Town of Exeter.

Item I give to my son Jonathan twenty shillings.

Item Whereas I formally gave to my son Richard a tract of land in Stratham it was what I designed to be his part or proportion of my estate.

Item I give to my son Ebenezer the one half part to my right or propriety in Gillman Towne also all my land where I live in Exeter near Wheal Rights Creek with the house barn and orchards and all my stock and utensils for work be they of what kind soever also one feather bed.

Item I give and bequeath to my son Benjamin the one half of my propriety in Gillmantown and my will is that my son Benjamin shall have liberty to go to learn any trade that he shall like best but if he have a mind to continue with his brother Ebenezer and to help him to carry on his work till Benjamin arrive to the age of one and twenty years then my son Benjamin to have sixty acres of my proportion of the Common land in Exeter but if my said son Benjamin do not choose to go to learn a trade or to leave my son Ebenezer then said sixty acres of my Common land to be for my Executor.

Item I give to my daughter Mossey Hall five pounds.

Item I give to my daughter Martha Been five pounds.

Item I give to my son David twenty shillings.

Item I give to my daughter Kesiah five pounds.

Item I give to my daughter Mary a feather bed and five pounds also furniture for said bed.

I do by these presents constitute and appoint my son Ebenezer to be my Executor to this my last Will and Testament. My will is that the legacies herein given shall be paid by my son Ebenezer within two years after he shall arrive to the age of twenty one years, also that my son Ebenezer to pay my just debts and to be at the charge of my funeral and I do hereby utterly disallow revoke and disannull all and every other Testaments wills and legacies bequests and execute by me in any way or before this time named willed and bequeathed, ratifying, and confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above mentioned.

JAMES SINKLER {ss}

Signed sealed delivered and pronounced by the said James Sinkler to be his last Will and Testament, in the presence of us.
JEREMIAH CALF
WALTER WIGGIN
FRANCIS HARVEY"

(20005) MARY SCAMMON, daughter of Richard and Prudence (Waldron) Scammon. She was born May 31, 1673 and was the youngest child of her parents. From her parents she received all the "salt medde" between Quoboag road and Moore's creek.

(20006) RICHARD SCAMMON arrived in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1642.

(20007) PRUDENCE WALDRON

(20008) WILLIAM WALDRON was born in Boston in 1640.

(20009) WILLIAM WALDRON was born in 1664.

(20010) JOHN SINKLER JR. was born in Exeter New Hampshire about 1668. On February 20, 1689-90 he signed a petition to the government of Massachusetts asking protection against the common enemy and the military officers be chosen by trained soldiers of their respective commands. He was constable of Exeter June 5, 1711-12. He served as juror February 1, 1715-16 and as a grand juror February 9, 1719-20. On February 9, 1762 he purchased lands in Exeter and on June 20, 1729 deeded half of his lands to his son, John. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Bean Sr. of Exeter. He made his last will and testament on December 28, 1730 which was admitted to Probate Court November 16, 1731:


Will of John Sinkler JR

"In the name of God Amen I John Sinclor of Exeter in the province of New Hampshire in New England, being weak of body but of perfect mind and memory, praise be given to Almighty God for it, and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die and after that the Judgement do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form as followeth, that is to say, first and principally I commit my soul into the hands of God who gave it hopping for the pardon and remission of all my sins in and through Jesus Christ my Saviour and Redeemer and my boddy I commit to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executor or Executrix hereafter named and as for the worldly goods and estate wherewith it has pleased God in his providence to betrust me with I give and bequeth in manner and form as followeth-

Imprimus: my will is that all my honest debts be paid and my funerall charges defrayed.

Item I give unto my son John Sinclor ten shilling he having received his portion allready by a deed of gift. Item I give unto my son Samuel Sinclor the one half of the land which now live upon after his mothers decease the other half being given to my son John Sinklor by a deed of gift. Item I give unto my three daughters Abigail Sinklor Margaret Sinklor and Elizabeth Sinklor to each of them five pounds.

Item I give unto my well beloved wife Elizabeth Sinklor whome I make and ordain the sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament all my moveable estate and also one half of my land laying in Exeter town, the other half being given already to my son John by a deed of gift and I likewise give unto her all my right in a sawmill to be at her disposall and I do by these present hereby revoke and disannul all former Wills and Testaments by me heretofore made in confirmation whereof I have to this day my last Will and Testament set too my hand and seal this twenty eight day of December in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and thirty one.

JOHN SINKLER his mark

Signed sealed and owned in the presence of

CARTOR GILMAN mark
JOHN FULLINTON his mark
MARGARET TAYLOR her mark

(20011) ELIZABETH BEAN married John Sinkler Jr. She was born in Exeter September 24, 1678.

(20012) JOHN BEAN SR. was born in 1634. He arrived with John Sinkler aboard the "Sarah and John" in 1651. He died in 1718.

(20013) MARGARET (BEAN) was born in 1640 and died in 1714.

(20014) HANNAH LISSEN was born in 1635 and died in 1659.

(20015) DANIEL BEAN

(20016) JOHN BEAN was born in 1688. He and Martha lived in Brentwood New Hampshire. They were members of the Exeter Church. He died in 1732

(20017) MARTHA SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1716. She married John Bean.

(20018) ELIZABETH LISSEN

(20019) HENRY MAGOON was killed by the Indians while at work in their field July 1, 1706 with his son Huburtus.

(20020) NICHOLAS LISSEN

(20021) RICHARD MAGOON

(20022) JANE HILTON

(20023) EDWARD HILTON JR. was said to be a prominent and influential man.

(20024) HUBERTUS MATTOON was killed by Indians while at work in their field on July 1, 1706.

(20025) SARAH MAGOON

(20026) SAMUEL SINKLER was born before 1709. After his mother's death he was to inherit one half of the homestead on Wheelwright's Creek in Exeter, New Hampshire. This was sold by his mother as executrix of his father's will, and himself as a legatee, to Captain John Gilman of Exeter, New Hampshire December 4, 1734. He was one of the original 215 proprietors of Gilmanton May 20, 1727. On December 3, 1731 he sold this land to Matthew Little. On March 3, 1747 he deeded ten acres to Edward Sinkler (parish of Newmarket in Exeter). By marrying Sarah in 1733 connects the Magoon, Bean, and Lissen families together with the Sinclairs. It is noteworthy to see that Nicholas Lissen was "master" of John Sinkler and John Bean Sr. but they eventually became part of the family. Samuel and Sarah moved to Newmarket and had three sons/daughters. He died after 1758.

(20027) JOHN SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire before June 20, 1708 as he must have been of age when he received a deed of one half of his real estate in Exeter, New Hampshire which included Sinkler's Point. He was called a yeoman and husbandman. He was also a seafaring man and called coaster. He died prior to September 28, 1747 and Nicholas Perryman was appointed administrator of his estate. The appraisal was taken December 28, 1747 and his real estate consisted of 30 acres.

(20028) GEORGE SINKLER was a near connection to John Sinkler of Exeter. He was probably the son of James or Joseph Sinkler. He was born as early as 1707 as he was doing business in 1728 and was presumably 21 years old. He first appears on the records in Exeter, New Hampshire September 17, 1728 when he contracted to settle upon and carry on land (ten acres) in Nottingham, New Hampshire which had belonged to Aaron Morrill of Salisbury, MA. He sold 40 acres of his land on January 8, 1733-34 to Nathaniel Gilman.. He lived in Haverhill, MA July 21, 1743. He lived in Kingston, New Hampshire on November 28, 1761. By trade he was called a "Tayler". He lived in Hampstead and died there between April 10 and May 27, 1767 as his will was made on the former date and it was executed on the latter date. He married a Hannah who survived him.

(20029) HANNAH (SINKLER) was the wife of George Sinkler.

(20030) SARAH SINKLER was unmarried at the time of her father's death and inherited 1/2 of his dwelling house and lands at her mother's decease.

(20031) HANNAH SINKLER married Moses Poor March 31, 1767 in Hampstead, New Hampshire.

(20032) MOSES POOR of Plaistow, New Hampshire married Hannah Sinkler in Hampstead, New Hampshire March 31, 1767. They lived in Plaistow.

(20033) SUSANNAH SINKLER married John Clark in Hampstead, New Hampshire December 2, 1784.

(20034) JOHN CLARK married Susannah Sinkler in Hampstead, New Hampshire December 2, 1784.

(20035) ABIGAIL SINKLER was born about 1710. Not married as of December 28, 1730.

(20036) MARGARET SINKLER was born about 1712, Was not married as of 1730.

(20037) ELIZABETH SINKLER was born about 1713. Was not married as of 1730.

(20038) MARY SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire June 27, 1663. She married a Mr. Wheeler.

(20039) MR. WHEELER

(20040) MARIA SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1666. She married Mr. Bedell.

(20041) MR. BEDELL

(20042) SARAH SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire September 15, 1664. She probably married Mr. Jones and died before her father because her children John and Benjamin Jones are mentioned and not her.

(20043) MR. JONES

(20044) BENJAMIN JONES

(20045) JOHN JONES

(37001) RICHARD SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1705 and on May 20, 1727 was one of the original proprietors of Gilmanton, New Hampshire. He was a resident of Exeter as late as September 14, 1727 and was in Stratham, New Hampshire at the time of his marriage to Catherine Stevens on June 27, 1728 at the time of his marriage. He received 40 acres of town commons in 1725 and land from his parents in Stratham on September 14, 1727. They resided on the westerly end of Quobog Road, known in the late 1800's as "Sinclair Place". The Sinkler path is also there which winds through the woods and connected the early homes of the Sinclairs and Scammons. In 1793 Sinclairs Reach is noted on a map in Stratham which is a straight place in the Squamscott River. His seat in the meeting house was assigned to him July 13, 1730. The following is a facsimile of his autograph.

    He was a firm friend of the settled town minister Rev. Henry Rust. Richard was a tything man in 1741 and surveyor in 1748. He died July 9, 1751. His will was made June 25, 1751 and admitted to Probate Court on August 27th:


WILL OF RICHARD SINKLER

In the name of God, Amen, This twenty fifth day of June Anno Domini 1751 I Richard Sinkler of Stratham in the province of Newhamp. yeoman, being but weak of boody but of a sound and perfect mind and memory, thanks be to allmighty God for the same, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form as followeth

(Imp.) I commend and bequeth my soul to God in Christ my Saviour and Redeamer and my boodey to the dust to be bured in such decant Chrysten manner as my Executors hereafter named shall see meat, in hopes of a joyful Resurection to life eternall, and as to my temporel Estate that it hath pleased allmighty God to bless me with, all after my just debts and funerall charges and expences are paid and discharged I give bequeth and dispose of as followeth (viz) Item I give and bequeth to my well beloved wife Caterine the improvement of all my Estate both Real and Personall to bring up my children untill my son Nathaniel Sinkler comes to the age of twenty one years and then my said wife to have the improvement of the one halfe of all my estate and the improvement of the westerly end of my dwelling house and my bead rom all during her natural life or so long as she shall remain my widow and allso all my household goods to her and to her disposal forever

Itim I give and bequeth to my son Nathaniel Sinkler and to his heirs and assigns forever all my Real Estate (viz) all my lands and marshes lying and being in Sttatham or Exeter or else-wheir that I have or ought to have he my said son Nathll to come into the porsetion of the one halfe of said estate when he comes to the age of twenty one years, and into the pursition of the other halfe at his mothers deseast or at the time of her marriage, and all my buildings and all my utensils for husbandry, and all my stock of cattel horses and sheep and swine and my wearing apparell he my said son, paying all the Leguesiess that I shall order him in this my last Will.

Itim I give and bequeth unto my daughter Mary Hilton and to her heirs seventy Pounds old tener in speacey and to be paid to her by my son Nathaniel Sinkler and to be paid to her whithin two years after he comes to the age of twenty one years.

Itim I give and bequeth unto my daughter Sarah seventy Ponnds old tener in specey and to be paid to her by my son Nathaniel Sinkler and to be paid with in four years after he comes to the age of twenty one years.

Itm I give and bequeth unto my daughter Caterine seventy pounds old tener in species and to be paid to her by my son Nathaniel Sinkler and within six years after he comes to the age of twent one years,

Itm I give and bequeth to my dughhter Rhoda seventy Pounds old tener in species to be paid to her within nine years after my son Nathaniel Sinkler comes to the age of twenty one years and to be paid to her by my said son Nathaniel Itm I give and bequeth unto my dafter Abagail seventy Pounds old tener in species and to be paid to her by my son Nathaniel Sinkler within thirteen years after ny said son comes to the age of twenty one years.

Itm I give and bequeth unto my son Richard Sinkler one hundred Pounds money of the old tener and to be paid to him when he comes to the age of twenty one years of age and to be paid by my son Nathaniel Sinkler, and my will is that my said son Richd but pout out to a good trade at fourteen years of age. Itim.

Itim I give and bequeth unto my son John Sinkler one hundred Pound money of the old tener and to be paid to him when he comes to the age of twenty one years, and to be paid to him by my son Nathaniel Sinkler, and also my will is that my said son John be put out to a good trade at the age of fourteen years.

N B My will is that if my son Nathaniel die before he comes to age of twenty one years, that all my Real Estate shall be equally divided between my two sons (viz) Richard and John and to their heirs and assigns forever. They my said sons paying the legesies to the daughters as before mentioned.

And finally I do constitute and appoint my wife Caterrine and my brother in law, Benjamin Norris of Stratham aforesaid, yeoman, to be my Executors to this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking and disanelling all former wills wills by me made and ratefies this and none other to be my last Will and Testament, In witness hereof I the said Richard Sinkler have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and tear above written and in the 25th year of his majesties reign George the second, by the Grace of God &c

RICHARD SINKLER his mark

Signed Sealed Published and Declared by the said Richard Sinkler to be his last Will and Testament in presence of

JOHN HOMEFORD
JOHN FOLSOM 3d
THEO. SMITH

(37002) CATHERINE STEVENS born July 9, 1707. Married Richard Sinkler June 27, 1728.

(37003) NATHANIEL STEVENS was of Salisbury, MA and Exeter, New Hampshire and a long resident of Stratham, New Hampshire.

(37004) SARAH FOLSOM

(37005) JOHN FOLSOM a Deacon in Exeter, New Hampshire.

(37006) JOHN FOLSOM an emigrant to America. He died in Exeter, New Hampshire December 27, 1681.

(37007) SAMUEL STEVENS was born December 17, 1704.

(37008) JOHN STEVENS was born February 9, 1710-11. He resided in Falmouth, ME February 17, 17442.

(37009) MEHITABLE STEVENS was born December 21, 1709. She married Benjamin Norris December 4, 1727

(37010) BENJAMIN NORRIS

(37011) BENJAMIN STEVENS was born May 19, 1716.

(37012) DAVID STEVENS was born December 30, 1717. He resided in Stratham, New Hampshire.

(37013) ANN STEVENS resided in Stratham, New Hampshire.

(37014) JONATHAN STEVENS was born March 26, 1714.

(37015) KESIAH SINKLER born about 1718.

(37016) DAVID SINKLER born about 1717. Was living on July 23, 1731. It is probable he died when a youth.

(37017) MARTHA SINKLER

(37018) MERCY SINKLER married Ralph Hall.

(37019) RALPH HALL died before June 7, 1727.

(37020) KINSLEY HALL of Exeter, New Hampshire

(37021) ELIZABETH HALL

(37022) SAMUEL SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1694. He probably served as a scout for three weeks in 1712 as a member of Captain John Gilman's Company. He married Anna. He resided in Exeter and was called "laborer". He sold his right to 50 acres of land granted by his father on August 28, 1734. On November 21, 1746 he signed a petition with his brother Joseph and nephew Thomas for a bridge at Newfields (now South Newmarket, New Hampshire). He probably died in the latter part of 1747. There is no record or evidence of children.

(37023) ANNA SINKLER on February 7, 1748-9 relinquished her right of administration of her husband's estate.

(37024) JONATHAN SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1700. He only received 20 shillings by his father's will in 1731 which shows he may have received his inheritance previously. He was a resident of Wells, Maine and was granted 50 acres of upland and 10 acres of meadow. He conferred full authority on his father who sold the land November 6, 1729 to Josiah Winn of Wells, ME. His name drops from view with no further records.

(37025) EBENEZER SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire after 1710. He received by his father's will one half of the propriety in Gilmanton and all land and housing in Exeter near Wheelwright's Creek. He sold 23 acres on August 4, 1741. He was a farmer and resided in Exeter. He was a soldier in Captain John Light's Company, Colonel Moore's Regiment, November 20, 1745 and was at the capture of Louisburg. He married Abigail, daughter of Jonathan and Anna (Ladd) Folsom. He died in 1754. Here is a facsimile of his signature:

(37026) ABIGAIL FOLSOM died before April 3, 1761.

(37027) JONATHAN FOLSOM

(37028) ANNA LADD

(37029) JOHN SINCLAIR was born in 1738. He married Mary. He died in 1803.

(37030) MARY SINCLAIR

(37031) RICHARD SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1740. He was left a minor when his father died in 1750 and General Nathaniel Folsom was his guardian. He was a hatter by trade and a farmer. He was a resident of Exeter before October 15, 1765. The town of Sandwich, New Hampshire had been granted by Governor Benning Wentworth on October 15, 1763 seventy-two shares and Richard secured a share. Soon after October 15th he moved to the Sandwich settlement where he first lived in a log cabin and then built a two story house near it.

    His wife was described as being very quiet and calm under all circumstances. However, Richard was described as being nervous, sharp, and prompt, and energetic. On one night the roof of their cabin caught fire. He sprang from the couch and climbed the roof to put out the fire. His wife, however, didn't get up but occasionally inquired whether Richard would be able to put out the fire. He did succeed. As a farmer one year his crops were poor and he went to Exeter. He returned with a bushel of meal on his back.

    When the Revolutionary War broke out he became a soldier. He signed the Association Test in 1776. He was a private in Captain Chase Taylor's company, Colonel Thomas Stickney's Regiment, General George Stark's Brigade, which marched from Sanbornton and joined the Northern Continental Army in 1777. Engaged July 22 and discharged September 29, 1777 he served two months and eight days. The day after he returned he enlisted in Captain Nathaniel Ambrose's company, Colonel Welch's Regiment, which marched from Moultonborough and joined the Continental Army under General Gates at Saratoga and after the surrender of General Burgoyne marched with the guard as far as Northampton, MA and was discharged. He was a collector of taxes for the town of Sandwich in 1781 and 1790. On October 19, 178 he bought 50 acres of land in Moultonborough, New Hampshire. His home was on the old Toppan road which leads from Little Pond to Moultonborough. He lived on this farm for over 0 years. On October 5, 1807 he sold it with other lands to his son Jonathan Sinkler and then moved to Haverhill, New Hampshire. He and his wife died in Haverhill, New Hampshire and are buried there.

(37032) CAPT. JAMES SINCLAIR was born in Exeter, New Hampshire on February 14, 1737. He was by trade a housewright and was a citizen of Exeter, New Hampshire after April 3, 1761 and became a resident of Brentwood, New Hampshire before June 15, 1764. He was a 2d lieutenant of the 30th Company during the Revolutionary war. On March 6, 1776 he was a Captain in Colonel William Waldron's regiment which was stationed at Temple's farm. He married Rachel Folsom on March 20, 1760. He made out his will February 25, 1802. He had 90 acres of land with buildings which, with personal property, were valued at $3,252.40. James died in the summer of 1811. The following is a facsimile of his autograph:

(37033) RACHEL FOLSOM was born on June 5, 1741 and died at the age of 23 in Brentwood, New Hampshire in May, 1764. She left two children.

(37034) BENJAMIN FOLSOM of Exeter, New Hampshire.

(37035) RACHEL FOLSOM

(37036) ABIGAIL VEASEY was the 2d wife of James Sinclair. They were married May 16, 1745.

(37037) ELIZABETH BLAKE was the 3d wife of James Sinclair. She died September 6, 1811.

(37038) ABIGAIL SINKLER was born about 1743. She married William Hackett about October 15, 1765.

(37039) WILLIAM HACKETT

(37040) JOSEPH SINKLER was born in Exeter, New Hampshire about 1692 and was doing business in 1714. He was an original proprietor of Gilmanton, New Hampshire. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Lyford of Exeter New Hampshire. He received by his father's will 40 acres of land in Epping, New Hampshire which he sold January 10, 1743-4. He signed a petition on June 5, 1745. The signature can be seen in the State Department in Concord, New Hampshire. The following is a facsimile of his autograph. The original can be seen on the petition in the State Department, Concord, New Hampshire:

    He was called "Yeoman" and his home was in what is now South Newmarket, New Hampshire. It is bounded and touched on the west side of Smart's Creek. According to his father's will it included a house, barn, and orchard. This is the last mention of him in Exeter or Newmarket. On April 11, 1750, 16 months before Joseph sold his home in Newmarket, the proprietors of the lands purchased of John Tufton Mason, Esq. at a meeting in Portsmouth New Hampshire authorized Thomas Packer to grant 100 acres to people. The land was laid out in lots and numbered dividing the land among themselves. Joseph Sinkler was one of those who took advantage of the offer of the proprietors and located on Buckstreet, in the town of Pembroke soon after the sale of his home in Newmarket on September 12, 1751. He received a deed of this land, 59 acres in Lot #1 "in the division of land called Buckstreet Lots" January 14, 1755, and acknowledged October 29, 1756. He lived there near what is now Suncook; until April 15, 1761 when he sold his property to his son John. On September 3, 1767 with 63 others, he signed a petition for the appointment of John Bryant as a Justice of the Peace. This is the last time his name appears upon any ascertained record and as he had reached old age it is probable that he died about this time.

(37041) ELIZABETH LYFORD's father by his will admitted to the Probate Court June 27, 1727 left a legacy to her. The date of her death is not known.


 

TOWN CEMETERY IN EXETER, New Hampshire
On Perkins Hill (formally called Gordon Hill)

    This cemetery is on the south side of the road to Kingston beyond Perkins (Gordon) Hill, perhaps 500 feet in front the road, and about opposite the road to Pickpocket and is on Rte. 3. This is a rather large burying ground, and burials here probably as early as 1710. Its origin is apparent from the following extract from the will of Nathaniel Gordon (son of Alexander). The will is dated December 2, 1757. Thomas Gordon was born in 1678 and died in 1761.

    "I give and bequeath to my two sons, viz. Benjamin and Nathaniel Gordon, their heirs and assigns forever, all my Homestead, my Dwelling House and Barn and other buildings thereon excepting half an acre of land to be reserved for a Burying place as convenient as may be where my last wife was buried and several of my children and grand children, and a convenient way to and from it to the Country road leading from Exeter to Kingston."

    This has been a town cemetery for many years, and the town has several times spent money for its maintenance. The lot is rectangular, about 225 feet wide and 180 feet deep, and contains nearly an acre. It is enclosed by a stone post fence with rails of timber about four or five inches square in cross section. The fence of expensive construction, but now in very poor repair, is quite similar to that on Front Street by the main Academy building. The fact that the plot is twice the size specified in Thomas Gordon's will is interesting in bearing on the point that it is a town cemetery. The cemetery is over-grown with bushes, black cherry, pine and oak trees, two of the latter are very large and several of the pine trees are of good size. The cherry trees have been cut from time to time and now several good sized sprouts have come up from every stump. Some of the stones are lying flat, some covered with leaves and earth. Most of the stones are gray slate, and nicely carved, the others are of white marble. Many of the oldest graves are marked by unlettered field stones, and some with crude initials, and in some cases the age is given, but no year. In 1989 the town historian stated that she suspected that some of the Sinklers are buried here without markers. (Not a single Sinclair stone was located in any cemetery in Exeter). It is also suspected that this or another cemetery where Sinclairs were buried was valuable land for past factories making brick (due to the combination of clay and skeletal dust remains). Therefore, the Sinclairs may be literally spread about all of Exeter, New Hampshire.


 

Extract from "The History of the Sinclair Family in Europe
and America for Eleven Hundred Years"

    Leonard A. Morrison in his book The History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America for Eleven Hundred Years describes what the early Sinclairs were like in America:


    "They loved the mountains and the hills; beneath their shadows or on their summits they built their abodes. They loved the forests, for there they hunted beasts of prey, and gathered sustenance from the streams of water. They held communion with nature, they lived near to her, and ever listened to the multitudinous voices with which she always speaks to those who loved her. They were familiar with the lore of the hills and the woods, and never shunned hardship or fatigue. They had strong physiques, stalwart frames, great powers of endurance, feared not danger, were ardently fond of athletic sports and feats of strength and skill. They had much mechanical knowledge which was employed always in the development of new communities, and towns, and states. They also had the faculty of being practical, and could, and would, turn their minds and hands to any necessary employment. In truth, it has during its nearly 250 years residence in this country been an eminently practical family. They have loved the activities and rush of private life, and the experiences of a frontiersman much better than books, much more than the studies of a scholar, or than the achievements of professional life. Always have they been intensely patriotic. They loved the military profession. In every war since they came to America, they have been among the first in the fray, and the last to quit. Their sacrifices have been great, and members of the race have sometimes given life itself for their king and country; and later to establish the Republic, and then to preserve it."


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